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Zhong Nanshan
Affiliation:Guangdong institute of respiratory diseases The tuberculosis with breathing magazine editorial board Guangzhou institute of respiratory diseases Beijing union medical university The ministry of health of influenza a (H1N1) clinical expert group The first hospital of Peking University Guangdong province people's hospital The first military medical university in nanfang hospital The Chinese academy of engineering Chinese academy of medical sciences Nanjing general hospital of nanjing military region The Chinese medical association Guangzhou medical college Guangzhou institute of respiratory disease in guangdong province Peking union medical college hospital
Subject:The respiratory system disease   
Introduction: Dr Zhong Nanshan was born in October 1936 in Xiamen, Fujian Province. He is now a professor and doctorate tutor, and an Academician of Chinese Academy of Engineering. In 1960, he graduated from Beijing University Medical School and worked at the School. During 1979 to 1981, he studied at the Edinburgh University and London University as a fellow scholar, majoring in research of hyperoxia and hypoxia and their impacts on pulmonary blood circulation. Currently, Dr Zhong is the Head of Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases, Chief Committee Member of Society of Respirology to Chinese Medicine Association, Medical Tutor of Smoking and Health WHO, vice-director of Dept of Medicine and Healthcare, Chinese Academy of Engineering, vice chairman of Guangdong Society of Scientific Technology, chairman of Guangzhou Society of Scientific Technology, Committee Member of the 8th and 9th Chinese People’s Political Consultative Congress and a Representative of the 15th CCPC. He became the President of Chinese Medical Association in 2005.

For long, Dr Zhong has been working in the fields of clinical practices, teaching and scientific research of respiroloy. He initiated an easy method of airway responsiveness determination with histamine to be used in epidemiological investigation, firstly documented the concept of masked asthma, established the technique for synchronized dynamic monitoring of diaphragmatic function under progressively increased submaximal exercise, invented a patented instrument for assessment of diaphragmatic function. Unprecedentedly, he elucidated the incidence of protein-energy malnutrition in 60% of patients with COPD in China, concluded on the relationship between pulmonary ventilation and energy consumption, and drew up a calibrated formula on basic energy consumptions for nutrition in COPD, and developed Nutrients (a nutritional product adjusted for Chinese individuals). Cumulatively, Dr Zhong has completed more than 20 national or provincial research issues, and some of his achievements lead to distinguished awards from the State. He has published more than 70 papers in core journals worldwide including those in Lancet, Thorax, American Journal of Respiratory Disease and Critical Care Medicine. Some of his works include An English-Chinese-Japanese Illustrative Medical Dictionary, Asthma: from benchtop to bedside.

Led by Prof Zhong, the key labs in Guangzhou Institute of Respiratory Diseases have become outstanding units in researches of asthma, COPD, pulmonary infections, respiratory critical care medicine and microinvasive chest surgery. During the 2003 outbreak of SARS, Dr Zhong, together with his team, proposed to admit all the critical SARS cases in Guangdong province into his institute. He made out a management protocol known as 3 propers (proper use of corticosteroids, proper application of non-invasive ventilation and proper addressing of secondary infections). The Guangdong Guidelines for SARS Prevention and Management, of which he was one of the main professionals in the institution, was accepted as a blueprint for Guidelines of SARS Prevention and Management issued by Health Ministry of China. Dr Zhong also appealed for international cooperation and common sense promotion for fighting SARS. Due to his extraordinary experiences during SARS epidemic, Dr Zhong was awarded the National Labor Medal and entitled the honor of Special Contributor to the anti-SARS campaign.
Peking union medical college hospital