On August 11, Annual National Planning Conference 2018 was jointly held by Urban Planning Society of China(UPSC) and China Association of City Planning in Guiyang, Guizhou Province. Professor Wu Zhiqiang, Vice Chairman of UPSC, Member of CAE, Vice President of Tongji University, Director of the Intelligent City Knowledge Service System of the International Knowledge Centre for Engineering Sciences and Technology(IKCEST), gave a keynote speech entitled Urbanization, Intelligent Urban Planning and Urban Future.
In the report, Professor Wu emphasized that applying artificial intelligence in urban planning is the symbol of planning revolution, and the rapidly evolving technology will change urban research, planning, management and urban life ultimately. Artificial intelligence is the key to solve those stubbornly existing problems in our city. He interpreted the relationship between artificial intelligence and the city, introduced the origin and practices of intelligent urban planning, and analyzed potential development directions of intelligent cities.
In his early exploration on intelligent city, Professor Wu has drawn a sustained intelligent circle to depict the way a future city being is expected to think and act in. Four stages, namely, sensing, judging, reacting and learning, are included in this circle. While reacting and learning stages are closely connected with decision makers and system maintainers, sensing and judging stages emphasis the importance of data science and play a fundamental role for sustained intelligent urban development. Besides that circle, Professor Wu also showed four other drafts depicting the conceptual model of intelligent city during his speech.
On intelligent urban planning, Professor Wu introduced previous work done by Tongji research team. One is the intelligent data platform based on Shanghai Expo 2010, which was evolved into a decision-making system for the mayor. The other is the Citytree project in 2017, during which 13810 cities with an area over 1 km2 were recognized and classified into seven types by machine.
At last, Professor Wu introduced an ongoing project, the first A.I. town in the world. Tens of thousands of researchers gather together to build a world-class A.I. industrial clusters there. This town will have a complete set of systems of an intelligent city, including the cerebrum (decision-making system), the epencephalon (urban command system) and the vagus system (self-organizing apps). According to Professor Wu, Tongji research team has made the world’s first A.I. town extrapolation planning at parcel scale. They stimulated the city units in a scale as small as a POI and made the dynamic intelligent configuration.