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The 18th “Training Programme for Silk Road Engineering Science and Technology Development” on New Functional Materials
Programme

安排表

Schedule

Time

Lectures

Lecturer

Oct. 28th

(saturday)

08:30-09:00

开班典礼

Opening Ceremony

C104at main

 building

09:00-11:30

智能材料简介     

General Introduction on Smart Materials

Zhang Lixue

C104 at main

 building

14:30-17:30

自旋电子学:大数据时代的一种新型电子功能材料   

 Spintronics:The New Functional Materials for New Big Data Society

Min Tai

C104at main

 building

Oct. 29th

(Sunday)

8:30-11:30

先进陶瓷与复合材料  

Advanced Ceramic and Composites

Wang Jiping

C405 at main

 building

14:30-17:30

同步辐射微衍射技术在材料研究中的应用  

The applications of synchrotron X-ray microdiffraction in materials science research

Chen Kai

C405 at main

 building

Oct. 30th

(Monday)

8:30-11:30

“一带一路”发展脉络:历史与未来,机遇与挑战      

The Belt and Road:Past and Future,Opportunities and Challenges

Wang Hua

C405 at main

 building

14:30-17:30

核能与先进材料   

Nuclear Energy and Advanced Materials

Han Weizhong

C305 at main

 building

Oct. 31th

(Tuesday)

8:30-11:30

有机电子材料  

Organic electronic materials

Ma Wei

C405 at main

 building

14:30-17:30

热喷涂技术及其应用  

Introduction to Thermal Spraying and it’s Applications

Li Changjiu

C405 at main

 building

Nov. 1th

(Wednesday)

8:30-12:00

参观陆港集团

Visit to the Land port group

 

 

 

 

 

 

智能材料简介     

General Introduction on Smart Materials

主讲:张立学

Lecturer: Zhang Lixue

 

智能材料指对外界感知并作出判断响应的材料,是现代智能社会高技术新材料发展的重要前沿方向之一。讲座主要概括介绍智能材料的特征效应,几类代表性智能材料(包括形状记忆材料,压电材料,磁致伸缩材料等)的材料科学基础、典型应用和最新前沿研究。

The smart materials, one of the key materials in the modern society, refer to the materials that can sense the environment and make the judgment to response meanwhile. This lecture will generally give an introduction on the basic characteristics of smart materials, with the emphasis on the materials science, application examples and frontier research of several typical smart materials (such as shape memory alloy, piezoelectric and magneto-strictive materials).

 

 

 

自旋电子学:大数据时代的一种新型电子功能材料   

 Spintronics:The New Functional Materials for New Big Data Society

主讲:闵泰

Lecturer: Min Tai

 

人类发展史是部新功能材料的发现与应用的历史:从渔猎时代的木头与石器,农耕时代的青铜器与铁器,工业时代的合金与塑料,信息时代的半导体硅。而主宰当今数字时代近50年的基础半导体工业面临着技术极限(摩尔定律的终结:5纳米以下技术还没有解决方案),国际国内一流企业与研究机构均以量子信息处理与存储是后摩尔时代信息产业的出路。其中电子自旋特性开始成为研究电子在小量子体系中的物理现象及调控其量子信息(计算与存储)的一个非常重要手段。本讲座将介绍自旋电子学这门新兴的功能材料科学及其在当今大数据时代的应用。

The development of human society is the history of the development of new functional materials: the Stone and Wood of Hunter-Gatherer Age; the Copper of Bronze Age; The Alloy and Plastics of Industrial Age and the Silicon of Information Age. But with the passing of Moore’s Law which governs the development of semiconductor industry for past half century for lacking of cost-effective of sub-5nm technology, new types of nature or man-made functional materials for the quantum information computing and storage have emerged. All the world famous information-related companies and research institutes have invested heavily into this new functional material horse-race. Among many candidates, the spintronics which utilizes the spin of electron in addition to the charge of electron to store and manipulate information has become fast-advancing science and technology area. Here we are going to introduce and discuss this new fascinating functional material’s development and applications.   

 

 

 

先进陶瓷与复合材料  

Advanced Ceramic and Composites

主讲:王继平

Lecturer: Wang Jiping

 

第一部分 先进陶瓷:简要介绍先进陶瓷材料。包括陶瓷材料典型的成型技术和烧结工艺。分析陶瓷材料微观结构、相组成的特征,总结陶瓷材料的各种性能。

第二部分 复合材料:简要介绍复合材料。给出了三种不同复合材料,以及它们的各自特点。分析了不同复合材料其增强增韧的机理。突出说明复合材料其在比强度、耐高温方面的应用优势。

第三部分 结合报告人所在团队,介绍了几种先进陶瓷材料和复合材料的研制和应用实例。

Section 1 Advanced Ceramic: A brief introduction for ceramic materials. A classification scheme for the ceramic-forming techniques will be discussed in this section. The microstructure, phase characteristic of the ceramics is explained. The various propertied and performance of the advanced ceramic is summarized

Section 2 Composites: A brief introduction for composites materials. Three main divisions of composite materials, and their distinguishing feature will be presented. The difference in strengthening mechanism for particle, fiber and layer reinforced composites. The distinctive mechanical characteristics for each type composites will be revealed.

Section 3 Several research directions and examples of research results of our institute will be presented.  

 

 

 

同步辐射微衍射技术在材料研究中的应用  

The applications of synchrotron X-ray microdiffraction in materials science research

主讲:陈凯

Lecturer: Chen Kai

 

本报告将主要包括三部分。在第一部分中,将简要介绍同步辐射白光劳厄微区衍射的原理、实验设备、数据解析等。在第二部分中,将详细介绍同步辐射白光劳厄微衍射技术在材料研究中的应用。以激光3D打印镍基高温合金材料为例,利用同步辐射白光劳厄微衍射技术,研究了柱状晶-等轴晶转变的机制,微观残余应力的分布,打印界面硬度的非均匀分布及其机制,失塑裂纹、热裂纹产生的机制等。在第三部分中,将介绍同步辐射白光劳厄微衍射软、硬件方面的最新进展及发展前景。

The presentation will be divided into three parts. In the first part, a brief introduction to the synchrotron radiation based polychromatic Laue microdiffraction (mXRD) will be delivered, including the principle, the experimental setups, data analysis, and so on. In the second part, several detailed application examples of the mXRD technique in materials science research will be shown, such as the study of laser 3D-printed Ni-based superalloys. Taking advantage of the high spatial, orientation, and strain resolution provided by mXRD, the columnar-to-equiaxed transition, strain and defects distribution, hardness inhomogeneity, ductility dip cracking, and hot crackings are investigated. In the final part, via the introduction of the most recent development of the hardware and software of mXRD, more future work will be discussed.

 

 

 

“一带一路”发展脉络:历史与未来,机遇与挑战      

The Belt and Road:Past and Future,Opportunities and Challenges

主讲:王华

Lecturer: Wang Hua

 

本讲座首先简要介绍西安的历史文化与现在的经济社会发展,然后概述“一带一路”的发展历史以及西安与“一带一路”的关系。通过国内国外两个环境分析“一带一路”建设倡议提出的经济背景。而后介绍当前“一带一路”建设的行动框架及现状进展。最后简要分析“一带一路”建设面临的问题及可能的应对策略。

The lecture firstly briefly introduces the history and current development of Xi’an, the history of the Silk Road and the Marine Time Silk Road, and the relation between Xi’an and “One Belt and One Road”. Then, it analyses the background economic situation of the “One Belt and One Road” initiative. Thirdly, it introduces the current progress of “One Belt and One Road” initiative and the encountering problems and probable countermeasures.

 

 

核能与先进材料   

Nuclear Energy and Advanced Materials

主讲:韩卫忠

Lecturer: Han Weizhong

 

核能作为一种高能量密度的清洁能源,在21世纪再次得到了世界各国政府的青睐和重视。本讲座中将简要介绍核能的发展历史、现状和未来,并将讲述当前核能面临的主要挑战和机遇。我将集中介绍核能发展中遇到的材料问题和相应的解决策略,并会讲解一些材料科学和辐照损伤中的关键概念,来帮助大家理解当前核能发展遇到的瓶颈问题。同时将要介绍当前抗辐照损伤材料设计的一些主要理念。最后,我会要简单介绍核聚变能的发展现状。

Nuclear energy is one of main green energy sources on the earth. In this lecture, I will briefly introduce the history of nuclear energy, the current status and the future development, the main challenges encountered in nuclear industry. Then I will focus on the key material problems in nuclear reactors. Some basic concepts for materials science and radiation damages will be taught. The current strategies for radiation tolerant materials design will be presented. At last, I will show your some recent progresses on the ITER program.

 

 

 

有机电子材料

Organic electronic materials

主讲:马伟

Lecturer: Ma Wei

 

Prof. Ma has made great contribution to the relationship of “structure-performance” in the field of polymer solar cells. He has (1)with using synchrotron technique revealed for the first time the importance of molecular orientation and domain purity in the amorphous region; (2) explained the important role of crystallinity and orientation in the crystal region; (3) control the morphology to achieve high efficient solar cells. Therefore, the his pionner works has great contribution to the development of polymer solar cells. The applicant has published papers on Nature Energy, Nature Communication, Adv. Mater. , and J. Am. Chem. Soc. etc. as first/corresponding papers, including 28 papers with impact factor higher than 10. The citation is more than 2200 times. 15 papers were selected as ESI highly cited paper and 4 papers was selected as ESI hot papers. In the future, I plan to focus on the morphology investigation of non-fullerene solar cells and try to resolve morphology problems. This will be used as a guide to design more efficient non-fullerene solar cells. 

 

 

 

热喷涂技术及其应用  

Introduction to Thermal Spraying and it’s Applications

主讲:李长久

Lecturer: Li Changjiu

The present talk focus on the advance in plasma spray coating developments and cold spray coating developments. With the plasma spraying, the advances in the microstructure developments are addressed towards need-based coatings design with high performances. Moreover, with cold spraying the development of coating microstructures through processing and powders designs will be presented. The coatings involve ceramic coatings, metallic coatings and cermet coatings. The applications and prospectives include high performance protective coatings, and additive manufacturing as well.